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Jim Corbett National Park, Inde
Situé dans les contreforts de
l'Himalaya est le majestueux parc national de Corbett. Accueil à une
variété de flore et de faune, Jim Corbett National Park est célèbre pour
sa population sauvage des tigres, des léopards et des éléphants.
Jim Corbett National Park a un fort historique, qui peut être tracée du
début des années 1800 lorsque ses forêts ont été la propriété privée des
dirigeants de la Terhi Garhwal.
Autour des années 1820 cette partie de l'état a été parted pour les
Britanniques dans les règles de retour de l'assistance fournie au cours de
l'invasion Gurkha. Les Britanniques ont exploité le potentiel de bois de
la forêt du parc national de Corbett et abattus sans pitié les forêts et
les plantes "TEAK 'un précieux bois de feuillus, pour répondre à l'offre
de chemin de fer.
In 1858 the first step towards protection of Corbett National Park forest
was initiated byMajor Ramseyin form of a comprehensive plan, wherein
farming and cattle intrusion were banned in the lower Patlidun valley. The
Forest Department took control of the area and declared it as Reserve
forest in 1879 under the forest act. Soon after the condition of these
forest showed improvement and possibilities of forming a game sanctuary
were proposed in the early 1900 by Michael Keen an officer with the Forest
Dept. The proposal was turned down by the then Governor of The United
Province John Hewett. More futile attempts were made in the 1916&1917 by
E.R. Stevens and Smythies, both DFO's of the area to declare the sanctuary
but were turned down.
In 1934 Governor Malcolm Hailey supported the proposal and declared the
reserve forest into a sanctuary. Soon after Governor Hailey and Sir
Smythies proposed the up gradation of the sanctuary to a national park.
During this period Major James E Corbett was getting famous for his Man
eating Tiger shoots. Corbett, who was well versed with area was consulted
and helped in marking the boundaries for the proposed national park. On
August 6th 1936, the UP national park act was enacted and Hailey National
Park - named after Governor Hailey, came into being as India's first
National Park and the worlds third covering an area of about 325 sq. kms.
Post independence the park was renamed after the Ramganga River - the main
perennial lifeline of the area and was called the Ramganga National Park.
James E Corbett died on 19th April 1955 in Nyeri, Kenya. In 1957 the park
was again renamed, in honor of the legendary hunter turned
conversationalist, Jim Corbett who spent most his life in the area and
helped in setting up the park.
The wildlife protection act was enacted in the year 1972 and Corbett
National Park was one of the first national park to launch Project Tiger a
government sponsored program for the conservation of the Tiger and its
habitat on 1st April 1973.
In 1991 the area of the reserve was further increased with the inclusion
of the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary. Today Corbett National Park stands as
one of the prime examples of efforts to conserve and is one of the best
protected forest and tiger reserve in the world.
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